The Effect of Trade Secrets Law on Stock Price Synchronicity: Evidence from the Inevitable Disclosure Doctrine

Yongtae KIM, Lixin Nancy SU, Zheng WANG, Haibin WU

Research output: Working paperWorking paper series

Abstract

We exploit the staggered recognition of the Inevitable Disclosure Doctrine (IDD) by US state courts to examine the effect of trade-secret protection on the amount of firm-specific information incorporated in stock prices, as reflected in stock price synchronicity. We find that after certain state courts recognize the IDD, firms headquartered in those states exhibit a significant increase in stock price synchronicity relative to firms in other states. We also find a significant decrease in the disclosure of proprietary information in the firms’ 10-K reports. These results suggest that IDD recognition increases the proprietary cost of disclosure, and, in response, corporate managers withhold more information. In addition, we find that the increase in stock price synchronicity and the decrease in the disclosure of proprietary information lead to increases in the firm’s market share, cost of equity, and market-to-book ratio, suggesting that managers sacrifice capital market benefits for product market gains.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages56
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2019

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Trade secret law
  • Inevitable Disclosure Doctrine
  • stock price synchronicity
  • proprietary cost of disclosure
  • information environment

Cite this