The emergence of language differences in artificial codes

Fuhai HONG, Xiaojian ZHAO

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)


The paper studies how common codes of artificial language in communication are developed in the laboratory. We find that codes emerging from an environment with more variable spatial positions tend to use a limited set of symbols to represent positions, whereas codes emerging from an environment with more variable geometric shapes tend to discriminate among shapes. The paper also experimentally shows that “language” affects the way its “speakers” share the view about a novel figure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-945
Number of pages22
JournalExperimental Economics
Issue number4
Early online date21 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • Communication games
  • Coordination
  • Economics of language

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