The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter analyzes language education in Anglo-French relations in Africa from the late-colonial era to the 1960s. First, I posit “linguistic containment”—the desire to contain the spread of Western languages—as a shared objective of interwar British and French policymakers, who wished to forestall political mobilizations by educated colonial subjects. Contact and collaboration helped to produce this intercolonial convergence. Second, I discuss growing British and French interest after 1945 in promoting English and French, respectively, in Africa. While support for Western-language education was initially a means of reforming colonial education, it was reinforced by decolonization, which spurred metropolitan elites to pursue new cultural and economic ties to their former colonies. Finally, the chapter discusses how this turn generated competition between the ex-colonial powers, with Britain riding the wave, only partly of its own making, of global English, while France looked to la francophonie to counterbalance Anglo-American influence in the decolonizing world.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBritish and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries
EditorsJames R. FICHTER
Place of PublicationBasingstoke
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Chapter13
Pages297-321
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9783319979632, 9783319979649
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Publication series

NameCambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)

Fingerprint

Colonies
Language Policy
French Language
Linguistic Turn
Africa
Global English
Metropolitan
Economics
American Influence
Anglo-American
Waves
Language-in-education
1960s
Colonial Power
France
Language Education
Colonial Education
Decolonization
Political Mobilization
Colonial Era

Cite this

LEMBERG, D. (2019). The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa. In J. R. FICHTER (Ed.), British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries (pp. 297-321). (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13
LEMBERG, Diana. / The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa. British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries. editor / James R. FICHTER. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. pp. 297-321 (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)).
@inbook{f80e6e881fe14efea4a40446f1a01a1e,
title = "The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa",
abstract = "This chapter analyzes language education in Anglo-French relations in Africa from the late-colonial era to the 1960s. First, I posit “linguistic containment”—the desire to contain the spread of Western languages—as a shared objective of interwar British and French policymakers, who wished to forestall political mobilizations by educated colonial subjects. Contact and collaboration helped to produce this intercolonial convergence. Second, I discuss growing British and French interest after 1945 in promoting English and French, respectively, in Africa. While support for Western-language education was initially a means of reforming colonial education, it was reinforced by decolonization, which spurred metropolitan elites to pursue new cultural and economic ties to their former colonies. Finally, the chapter discusses how this turn generated competition between the ex-colonial powers, with Britain riding the wave, only partly of its own making, of global English, while France looked to la francophonie to counterbalance Anglo-American influence in the decolonizing world.",
author = "Diana LEMBERG",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319979632",
series = "Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)",
publisher = "Palgrave Macmillan",
pages = "297--321",
editor = "FICHTER, {James R.}",
booktitle = "British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries",

}

LEMBERG, D 2019, The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa. in JR FICHTER (ed.), British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries. Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS), Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp. 297-321. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13

The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa. / LEMBERG, Diana.

British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries. ed. / James R. FICHTER. Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. p. 297-321 (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)).

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa

AU - LEMBERG, Diana

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - This chapter analyzes language education in Anglo-French relations in Africa from the late-colonial era to the 1960s. First, I posit “linguistic containment”—the desire to contain the spread of Western languages—as a shared objective of interwar British and French policymakers, who wished to forestall political mobilizations by educated colonial subjects. Contact and collaboration helped to produce this intercolonial convergence. Second, I discuss growing British and French interest after 1945 in promoting English and French, respectively, in Africa. While support for Western-language education was initially a means of reforming colonial education, it was reinforced by decolonization, which spurred metropolitan elites to pursue new cultural and economic ties to their former colonies. Finally, the chapter discusses how this turn generated competition between the ex-colonial powers, with Britain riding the wave, only partly of its own making, of global English, while France looked to la francophonie to counterbalance Anglo-American influence in the decolonizing world.

AB - This chapter analyzes language education in Anglo-French relations in Africa from the late-colonial era to the 1960s. First, I posit “linguistic containment”—the desire to contain the spread of Western languages—as a shared objective of interwar British and French policymakers, who wished to forestall political mobilizations by educated colonial subjects. Contact and collaboration helped to produce this intercolonial convergence. Second, I discuss growing British and French interest after 1945 in promoting English and French, respectively, in Africa. While support for Western-language education was initially a means of reforming colonial education, it was reinforced by decolonization, which spurred metropolitan elites to pursue new cultural and economic ties to their former colonies. Finally, the chapter discusses how this turn generated competition between the ex-colonial powers, with Britain riding the wave, only partly of its own making, of global English, while France looked to la francophonie to counterbalance Anglo-American influence in the decolonizing world.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13

M3 - Book Chapter

SN - 9783319979632

SN - 9783319979649

T3 - Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)

SP - 297

EP - 321

BT - British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries

A2 - FICHTER, James R.

PB - Palgrave Macmillan

CY - Basingstoke

ER -

LEMBERG D. The End of Empires and Some Linguistic Turns: British and French Language Policies in Inter- and Postwar Africa. In FICHTER JR, editor, British and French Colonialism in Africa, Asia and the Middle East: Connected Empires across the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Centuries. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 2019. p. 297-321. (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97964-9_13