由「辭讓之心」到「聖王之偽」: 析論《荀子》對「禮」概念的變更

Translated title of the contribution: The evolution and functions of li towards Mengzi and Xunzi

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

春秋戰國是社會大變革時期,諸子各派皆圍繞國家治亂問題展開論述,尤其將政治倫理化的儒家,其內在「倫理體系」主張與外在作為治國規範的「禮」,有著密切關係。在《荀子》中,「禮」字出現342 次,涉及多方面意涵。相比《論語》、《孟子》主要以「仁」釋「禮」,視「禮」為「天理」在人文社會中具體的物化示現;《荀子》則提倡「聖王制禮」一說,強調人的主體性,呈現有別於《論》、《孟》的一套禮學思想。因此,本文有意以《荀子》「禮」論為研究重心,並與《孟子》有關「禮」的論述進行比對,探討《荀子》的「禮」論本源與《孟子》的既定立場看法之差異。並且,嘗試剖析這些差異的產生之特定意義。

Confucian thought has been much preoccupied with li (「禮」)
as a means for the realization of the ideal of dao (「道」). Li is a rich and fluid notion with a long history of evolution. In the Analects and Mengzi, the inner aspect of the li-performance pertains to ren (「仁」), embracing a variety of moral attitudes, dispositions, and emotions, whereas the outer aspect pertains to the underlying vision of the unity and harmony of humanity and tian (「天」). Which means, both Analects and Mengzi consider moral ethics as an autonomous ethics of virtue. However, Xunzi takes li-performance as the result of conscious activity wei (「偽」). In Xunzi, an explicit concern with rational coherence in ethical discourse, in particular an emphasis on the unity of ren, li and yi (「義」). The essay will aim at analyzing the evolution and functions of li towards Mengzi and Xunzi.
Translated title of the contributionThe evolution and functions of li towards Mengzi and Xunzi
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)115-168
Journal當代儒學研究
Volume26
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

本文初稿曾於 2019 年 1 月 6 日(日)假鵝湖人文書院講堂舉行的「第 2 屆中國哲學研討會」中宣讀,原題為〈由「辭讓之心」到「聖王制分」- 析《荀子》對「禮」概念的變更〉,其時幸得李瑞全教授、楊祖漢教授兩位學者前輩明教賜正,得成修訂稿,特此誌謝。另外,本文在投稿修改過程中,亦仰賴於得到匿名評審老師的珍貴建議,以及許師子濱的用心指導,本文定稿才得以盡善,茲表謝意。

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    由「辭讓之心」到「聖王制分」 : 析《荀子》對「禮」概念的變更

    丘慧兒, 6 Jan 2019.

    Research output: Other Conference ContributionsPresentation

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