This chapter provides a framework for the initial exploration of the dilemmas of massification in the Asia Pacific region. In 1973 when Martin Trow introduced his three stages of university massification (1. Elite, 2. Mass, 3. Universal), reactions ranged from outrage to joy. There were those who strongly felt that HE was higher by definition because it was elite, and there were those who celebrated the vision of societies with open access to HE regardless of social economic status, privilege or exclusionary benefits. As the authors develop various views of massification and its dilemmas while simultaneously seeking to adduce for them data relevant to the overall discussion of the differences that exist throughout the region in the overall progress of HE massification, the issue of sustainability emerges in a wide variety of forms – as do alternative frames of reference.
|Title of host publication||The Sustainability of Higher Education in an Era of Post-Massification|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Nov 2017|
Hawkins, J. N., Neubauer, D. E., Wu, A. M., & MOK, K. H. J. (2017). The limits of massification in the Asia-Pacific region : Six conflicting hypotheses. In The Sustainability of Higher Education in an Era of Post-Massification (pp. 19-28). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315186122