The Link Between Nutrition and Mental Health in Sub-Saharan African Adolescents : Findings from the Global School-Based Health Survey

Gizem Arat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Little focus has been paid to the role of nutrition among young people regarding mental health in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to examine the relationship between nutrition and adolescent mental health for the promotion of effective school-based interventions in sub-Saharan African countries. The sample consisted of 14,968 11–17-year-old students in Botswana, Kenya, the Seychelles, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia participating in the Global School-Based Health Survey (2003–2007). Using bivariate logistic regression analysis, this study found across participating countries that: (1) lower hunger as a protective factor for depression, anxiety, loneliness, and suicidal ideation (except Zambia); (2) lower hunger as a protective factor for suicide attempts (except the United Republic of Tanzania); (3) lower hunger as a risk factor for suicide plan (except the United Republic of Tanzania); (4) higher fruit intake as a risk factor for depression, anxiety (except the United Republic of Tanzania), loneliness, suicidal ideation (except Zambia and Uganda), and suicide attempts (except Botswana); (5) higher fruit intake as a protective factor for suicide plan (except Botswana); (6) higher vegetable consumption as a risk factor for depression, anxiety (except the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia), loneliness, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts; and (7) higher vegetable intake as a protective factor for suicide plan. This study suggests school practitioners and school staff to articulate positive mental health by incorporating adequate nutrition components in school-based interventions. Further research should investigate whether such improvements to the nutrition components can foster positive youth mental health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalGlobal Social Welfare
Volume4
Issue number1
Early online date18 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tanzania
nutrition
Zambia
mental health
suicide attempt
adolescent
hunger
Botswana
suicide
health
school
anxiety
Uganda
vegetables
Indian Ocean
Kenya
regression analysis
promotion
logistics
staff

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Mental health
  • Nutrition
  • Sub-Saharan African countries

Cite this

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abstract = "Little focus has been paid to the role of nutrition among young people regarding mental health in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to examine the relationship between nutrition and adolescent mental health for the promotion of effective school-based interventions in sub-Saharan African countries. The sample consisted of 14,968 11–17-year-old students in Botswana, Kenya, the Seychelles, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia participating in the Global School-Based Health Survey (2003–2007). Using bivariate logistic regression analysis, this study found across participating countries that: (1) lower hunger as a protective factor for depression, anxiety, loneliness, and suicidal ideation (except Zambia); (2) lower hunger as a protective factor for suicide attempts (except the United Republic of Tanzania); (3) lower hunger as a risk factor for suicide plan (except the United Republic of Tanzania); (4) higher fruit intake as a risk factor for depression, anxiety (except the United Republic of Tanzania), loneliness, suicidal ideation (except Zambia and Uganda), and suicide attempts (except Botswana); (5) higher fruit intake as a protective factor for suicide plan (except Botswana); (6) higher vegetable consumption as a risk factor for depression, anxiety (except the United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia), loneliness, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts; and (7) higher vegetable intake as a protective factor for suicide plan. This study suggests school practitioners and school staff to articulate positive mental health by incorporating adequate nutrition components in school-based interventions. Further research should investigate whether such improvements to the nutrition components can foster positive youth mental health.",
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The Link Between Nutrition and Mental Health in Sub-Saharan African Adolescents : Findings from the Global School-Based Health Survey. / Arat, Gizem.

In: Global Social Welfare, Vol. 4, No. 1, 03.2017, p. 31-40.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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