The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study

Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska*, Jarosław P. Piotrowski, Evgeny N. Osin, Jan Cieciuch, Byron G. Adams, Rahkman Ardi, Sergiu Bălţătescu, Sergey Bogomaz, Arbinda Lal Bhomi, Amanda Clinton, Gisela T. de Clunie, Anna Z. Czarna, Carla Esteves, Valdiney Gouveia, Murnizam H.J. Halik, Ashraf Hosseini, Narine Khachatryan, Shanmukh Vasant Kamble, Anna Kawula, Vivian Miu-Chi LunDzintra Ilisko, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Kadi Liik, Eva Letovancova, Sara Malo Cerrato, Jaroslaw Michalowski, Natalia Malysheva, Alison Marganski, Marija Nikolic, Joonha Park, Elena Paspalanova, Pablo Perez de Leon, Győző Pék, Joanna Różycka-Tran, Adil Samekin, Wahab Shahbaz, Truong Thi Khanh Ha, Habib Tiliouine, Alain Van Hiel, Melanie Vauclair, Eduardo Wills-Herrera, Anna Włodarczyk, Illia Yahiiaev, John Maltby

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross-cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling. Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73% women, mean age 21.55 years). Results: MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV =.66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion: The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1034-1052
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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Mental Health
Students
Structural Models
Health Status
Psychology
Invariance
Population

Keywords

  • cross-cultural study
  • measurement invariance
  • Mental Health Continuum-Short Form

Cite this

Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M., Piotrowski, J. P., Osin, E. N., Cieciuch, J., Adams, B. G., Ardi, R., ... Maltby, J. (2018). The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 74(6), 1034-1052. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22570
Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena ; Piotrowski, Jarosław P. ; Osin, Evgeny N. ; Cieciuch, Jan ; Adams, Byron G. ; Ardi, Rahkman ; Bălţătescu, Sergiu ; Bogomaz, Sergey ; Bhomi, Arbinda Lal ; Clinton, Amanda ; de Clunie, Gisela T. ; Czarna, Anna Z. ; Esteves, Carla ; Gouveia, Valdiney ; Halik, Murnizam H.J. ; Hosseini, Ashraf ; Khachatryan, Narine ; Kamble, Shanmukh Vasant ; Kawula, Anna ; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi ; Ilisko, Dzintra ; Klicperova-Baker, Martina ; Liik, Kadi ; Letovancova, Eva ; Cerrato, Sara Malo ; Michalowski, Jaroslaw ; Malysheva, Natalia ; Marganski, Alison ; Nikolic, Marija ; Park, Joonha ; Paspalanova, Elena ; de Leon, Pablo Perez ; Pék, Győző ; Różycka-Tran, Joanna ; Samekin, Adil ; Shahbaz, Wahab ; Khanh Ha, Truong Thi ; Tiliouine, Habib ; Van Hiel, Alain ; Vauclair, Melanie ; Wills-Herrera, Eduardo ; Włodarczyk, Anna ; Yahiiaev, Illia ; Maltby, John. / The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study. In: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 74, No. 6. pp. 1034-1052.
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abstract = "Objective: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross-cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling. Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73{\%} women, mean age 21.55 years). Results: MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV =.66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion: The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.",
keywords = "cross-cultural study, measurement invariance, Mental Health Continuum-Short Form",
author = "Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska and Piotrowski, {Jarosław P.} and Osin, {Evgeny N.} and Jan Cieciuch and Adams, {Byron G.} and Rahkman Ardi and Sergiu Bălţătescu and Sergey Bogomaz and Bhomi, {Arbinda Lal} and Amanda Clinton and {de Clunie}, {Gisela T.} and Czarna, {Anna Z.} and Carla Esteves and Valdiney Gouveia and Halik, {Murnizam H.J.} and Ashraf Hosseini and Narine Khachatryan and Kamble, {Shanmukh Vasant} and Anna Kawula and Lun, {Vivian Miu-Chi} and Dzintra Ilisko and Martina Klicperova-Baker and Kadi Liik and Eva Letovancova and Cerrato, {Sara Malo} and Jaroslaw Michalowski and Natalia Malysheva and Alison Marganski and Marija Nikolic and Joonha Park and Elena Paspalanova and {de Leon}, {Pablo Perez} and Győző P{\'e}k and Joanna R{\'o}życka-Tran and Adil Samekin and Wahab Shahbaz and {Khanh Ha}, {Truong Thi} and Habib Tiliouine and {Van Hiel}, Alain and Melanie Vauclair and Eduardo Wills-Herrera and Anna Włodarczyk and Illia Yahiiaev and John Maltby",
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Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M, Piotrowski, JP, Osin, EN, Cieciuch, J, Adams, BG, Ardi, R, Bălţătescu, S, Bogomaz, S, Bhomi, AL, Clinton, A, de Clunie, GT, Czarna, AZ, Esteves, C, Gouveia, V, Halik, MHJ, Hosseini, A, Khachatryan, N, Kamble, SV, Kawula, A, Lun, VM-C, Ilisko, D, Klicperova-Baker, M, Liik, K, Letovancova, E, Cerrato, SM, Michalowski, J, Malysheva, N, Marganski, A, Nikolic, M, Park, J, Paspalanova, E, de Leon, PP, Pék, G, Różycka-Tran, J, Samekin, A, Shahbaz, W, Khanh Ha, TT, Tiliouine, H, Van Hiel, A, Vauclair, M, Wills-Herrera, E, Włodarczyk, A, Yahiiaev, I & Maltby, J 2018, 'The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study', Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 74, no. 6, pp. 1034-1052. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22570

The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study. / Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena; Piotrowski, Jarosław P.; Osin, Evgeny N.; Cieciuch, Jan; Adams, Byron G.; Ardi, Rahkman; Bălţătescu, Sergiu; Bogomaz, Sergey; Bhomi, Arbinda Lal; Clinton, Amanda; de Clunie, Gisela T.; Czarna, Anna Z.; Esteves, Carla; Gouveia, Valdiney; Halik, Murnizam H.J.; Hosseini, Ashraf; Khachatryan, Narine; Kamble, Shanmukh Vasant; Kawula, Anna; Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi; Ilisko, Dzintra; Klicperova-Baker, Martina; Liik, Kadi; Letovancova, Eva; Cerrato, Sara Malo; Michalowski, Jaroslaw; Malysheva, Natalia; Marganski, Alison; Nikolic, Marija; Park, Joonha; Paspalanova, Elena; de Leon, Pablo Perez; Pék, Győző; Różycka-Tran, Joanna; Samekin, Adil; Shahbaz, Wahab; Khanh Ha, Truong Thi; Tiliouine, Habib; Van Hiel, Alain; Vauclair, Melanie; Wills-Herrera, Eduardo; Włodarczyk, Anna; Yahiiaev, Illia; Maltby, John.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 74, No. 6, 01.06.2018, p. 1034-1052.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - The mental health continuum-short form : The structure and application for cross-cultural studies–A 38 nation study

AU - Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Magdalena

AU - Piotrowski, Jarosław P.

AU - Osin, Evgeny N.

AU - Cieciuch, Jan

AU - Adams, Byron G.

AU - Ardi, Rahkman

AU - Bălţătescu, Sergiu

AU - Bogomaz, Sergey

AU - Bhomi, Arbinda Lal

AU - Clinton, Amanda

AU - de Clunie, Gisela T.

AU - Czarna, Anna Z.

AU - Esteves, Carla

AU - Gouveia, Valdiney

AU - Halik, Murnizam H.J.

AU - Hosseini, Ashraf

AU - Khachatryan, Narine

AU - Kamble, Shanmukh Vasant

AU - Kawula, Anna

AU - Lun, Vivian Miu-Chi

AU - Ilisko, Dzintra

AU - Klicperova-Baker, Martina

AU - Liik, Kadi

AU - Letovancova, Eva

AU - Cerrato, Sara Malo

AU - Michalowski, Jaroslaw

AU - Malysheva, Natalia

AU - Marganski, Alison

AU - Nikolic, Marija

AU - Park, Joonha

AU - Paspalanova, Elena

AU - de Leon, Pablo Perez

AU - Pék, Győző

AU - Różycka-Tran, Joanna

AU - Samekin, Adil

AU - Shahbaz, Wahab

AU - Khanh Ha, Truong Thi

AU - Tiliouine, Habib

AU - Van Hiel, Alain

AU - Vauclair, Melanie

AU - Wills-Herrera, Eduardo

AU - Włodarczyk, Anna

AU - Yahiiaev, Illia

AU - Maltby, John

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Objective: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross-cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling. Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73% women, mean age 21.55 years). Results: MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV =.66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion: The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.

AB - Objective: The Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross-cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling. Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we examined the measurement invariance of the MHC-SF in 38 countries (university students, N = 8,066; 61.73% women, mean age 21.55 years). Results: MGCFA supported the cross-cultural replicability of a bifactor structure and a metric level of invariance between student samples. The average proportion of variance explained by the general factor was high (ECV =.66), suggesting that the three aspects of mental health (emotional, social, and psychological well-being) can be treated as a single dimension of well-being. Conclusion: The metric level of invariance offers the possibility of comparing correlates and predictors of positive mental functioning across countries; however, the comparison of the levels of mental health across countries is not possible due to lack of scalar invariance. Our study has preliminary character and could serve as an initial assessment of the structure of the MHC-SF across different cultural settings. Further studies on general populations are required for extending our findings.

KW - cross-cultural study

KW - measurement invariance

KW - Mental Health Continuum-Short Form

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U2 - 10.1002/jclp.22570

DO - 10.1002/jclp.22570

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

C2 - 29380877

AN - SCOPUS:85041098822

VL - 74

SP - 1034

EP - 1052

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychology

SN - 0021-9762

IS - 6

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