The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations

Michael Harris BOND, Vivian Miu-Chi LUN

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsPresentation

Abstract

We propose that satisfaction with one's life arises pan-culturally from the achievement of better health, greater financial satisfaction, stronger feelings of happiness and a sense of personal control over events. This four-factor model was tested for more than 70,000 persons across 53 nations using the representative samples provided by the World Values Survey, Wave 5. Using an HLM analysis, we show that the model components of health and control apply with equal strength to individuals regardless of their nationality. Feelings of happiness and judgments of one's wealth were, however, variable in their impact, being moderated by the two socialization goals extracted from the WVS, Self-directedness versus Other-directedness and Civility versus Practicality. In nations where Self-directedness is endorsed more strongly in socializing children, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less strongly by the judgment of their financial condition; in countries where Civility is endorsed more strongly, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less by the judgment of their financial condition. These results show that the socialization emphases characterizing one's national-cultural context operate to make some key components of life satisfaction more or less important. The general pan-cultural formula for achieving life satisfaction thus becomes specific to each national group.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2013
EventLos Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders - University of California, Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 201322 Jun 2013

Conference

ConferenceLos Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period20/06/1322/06/13

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satisfaction with life
happiness
health
socialization
other-directedness
citizen
nationality
human being
event
Values
Group

Cite this

BOND, M. H., & LUN, V. M-C. (2013). The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations. Los Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders, Los Angeles, United States.
BOND, Michael Harris ; LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi. / The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations. Los Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders, Los Angeles, United States.
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BOND, MH & LUN, VM-C 2013, 'The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations', Los Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders, Los Angeles, United States, 20/06/13 - 22/06/13.

The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations. / BOND, Michael Harris; LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi.

2013. Los Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders, Los Angeles, United States.

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsPresentation

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N2 - We propose that satisfaction with one's life arises pan-culturally from the achievement of better health, greater financial satisfaction, stronger feelings of happiness and a sense of personal control over events. This four-factor model was tested for more than 70,000 persons across 53 nations using the representative samples provided by the World Values Survey, Wave 5. Using an HLM analysis, we show that the model components of health and control apply with equal strength to individuals regardless of their nationality. Feelings of happiness and judgments of one's wealth were, however, variable in their impact, being moderated by the two socialization goals extracted from the WVS, Self-directedness versus Other-directedness and Civility versus Practicality. In nations where Self-directedness is endorsed more strongly in socializing children, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less strongly by the judgment of their financial condition; in countries where Civility is endorsed more strongly, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less by the judgment of their financial condition. These results show that the socialization emphases characterizing one's national-cultural context operate to make some key components of life satisfaction more or less important. The general pan-cultural formula for achieving life satisfaction thus becomes specific to each national group.

AB - We propose that satisfaction with one's life arises pan-culturally from the achievement of better health, greater financial satisfaction, stronger feelings of happiness and a sense of personal control over events. This four-factor model was tested for more than 70,000 persons across 53 nations using the representative samples provided by the World Values Survey, Wave 5. Using an HLM analysis, we show that the model components of health and control apply with equal strength to individuals regardless of their nationality. Feelings of happiness and judgments of one's wealth were, however, variable in their impact, being moderated by the two socialization goals extracted from the WVS, Self-directedness versus Other-directedness and Civility versus Practicality. In nations where Self-directedness is endorsed more strongly in socializing children, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less strongly by the judgment of their financial condition; in countries where Civility is endorsed more strongly, citizens' life satisfaction was more strongly driven by their feeling of happiness and less by the judgment of their financial condition. These results show that the socialization emphases characterizing one's national-cultural context operate to make some key components of life satisfaction more or less important. The general pan-cultural formula for achieving life satisfaction thus becomes specific to each national group.

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BOND MH, LUN VM-C. The moderating influence of national goals for socializing children on an individual's satisfaction with life : the varying impact of health, wealth, happiness and control in 53 nations. 2013. Los Angeles USA Regional Conference of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (IACCP) 2013 : Culture in Psychology : Variation within and across national borders, Los Angeles, United States.