This study aims to introduce rational beliefs as a potentially relevant personal resource in the job demands– resources (JD-R) model to understand the underlying mechanism to reduce the job demand of work–home interface on self-rated job performance. Extending the JD-R model, this study explores the interaction effect of work–home interface and rational beliefs on self-rated job performance through the motivation process. A sample of 257 Chinese employees (58.4% females) filled in the questionnaire twice at a 6-week interval. Results of the moderated mediation model show that Time 1 (T1) rational beliefs moderated the mediating effect of Time 2 (T2) work engagement in the relationship between T1 work–home interface and T2 selfrated job performance. Specifically, when T1 rational beliefs were low, T1 work–home interface negatively predicted T2 self-rated job performance through lower T2 work engagement; when T1 rational beliefs were high, the conditional indirect effect was nonsignificant.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the Wofoo Joseph Lee Consulting and Counseling Psychology Research Centre for funding data collection. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
© 2023 American Psychological Association
- Job performance
- Rational beliefs
- Work engagement
- Work–home interface