The North’s intellectual property rights standard for the South?

Edwin L.-C. LAI, Larry D. QIU

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearch


We build a multi-sectoral North–South trade model to analyze international intellectual property rights (IPR) protection. By comparing the Nash equilibrium IPR protection standard of the South (the developing countries) with that of the North (the developed countries), we find that the former is naturally weaker than the latter. Moreover, we show that both regions can gain from an agreement that requires the South to harmonize its IPR standards with those of the North, and the North to liberalize its traditional goods market. This demonstrates the merits of multi-sectoral negotiations in the GATT/WTO.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe WTO, intellectual property rights and the knowledge economy
EditorsKeith E. MASKUS
Place of PublicationCheltenham
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages29
ISBN (Print)9781843762379
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCritical Perspectives on the Global Trading System and the WTO
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.


  • Intellectual property rights
  • Multi-sector negotiation

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