The role of co-operation and competition on leader-member exchange and extra-role performance in China

Chun HUI, S., Kenneth LAW, Yifeng, Nancy CHEN, Dean William TJOSVOLD

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

22 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines antecedents and outcomes of leader-member exchange (LMX) in China by relating the theory of co-operation and competition and the research on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) to LMX. One hundred and seventy supervisor-subordinate dyads in a watch-case manufacturing factory in southern China were studied. Co-operation and competition and LMX were assessed by subordinates, and OCB by their immediate supervisors. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that co-operation and competition predicted LMX, which in turn predicted OCB. These results were interpreted as further suggesting that a quality relationship between leader and follower is important and that the theory of co-operation and competition can guide budding this relationship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-152
Number of pages20
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Human Resources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2008



  • Co-operation
  • Competition
  • Leader-member exchange
  • Organizational citizenship behaviour

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