The role of workaholism in the job demands-resources model

Monica MOLINO, Arnold B. BAKKER, Chiara GHISLIERI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The present study tries to gain more insight in workaholism by investigating its antecedents and consequences using the job demands-resources model. Design: We hypothesized that job demands would be positively related to workaholism, particularly when job resources are low. In addition, we hypothesized that workaholism would be positively related to negative outcomes in three important life domains: health, family, and work. Methods: The research involved 617 Italian workers (employees and self-employed). To test the hypotheses we applied structural equation modeling (SEM) and moderated structural equation modeling (MSEM) using Mplus 6. Results: The results of SEM showed a good model where workload, cognitive demands, emotional demands, and customer-related social stressors were positively related to workaholism and work-family conflict (WFC) (partial mediation). Additionally, workaholism was indirectly related to exhaustion and intentions to change jobs through WFC. Moreover, MSEM analyses confirmed that job resources (job security and opportunities for development) buffered the relationship between job demands and workaholism. Particularly, the interaction effects were statistically significant in five out of eight combinations. Conclusions: These findings suggest that workaholism is a function of a suboptimal work environment and predicts unfavorable employee outcomes. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-414
Number of pages15
JournalAnxiety, Stress and Coping
Volume29
Issue number4
Early online date10 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Family Health
Workload
Resources
Research
Structural Equation Modeling
Conflict (Psychology)
Employees
Mediation
Health
Exhaustion
Interaction
Work Environment
Emotion
Intentions
Workers

Cite this

MOLINO, Monica ; BAKKER, Arnold B. ; GHISLIERI, Chiara. / The role of workaholism in the job demands-resources model. In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 2016 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 400-414.
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abstract = "Background and Objectives: The present study tries to gain more insight in workaholism by investigating its antecedents and consequences using the job demands-resources model. Design: We hypothesized that job demands would be positively related to workaholism, particularly when job resources are low. In addition, we hypothesized that workaholism would be positively related to negative outcomes in three important life domains: health, family, and work. Methods: The research involved 617 Italian workers (employees and self-employed). To test the hypotheses we applied structural equation modeling (SEM) and moderated structural equation modeling (MSEM) using Mplus 6. Results: The results of SEM showed a good model where workload, cognitive demands, emotional demands, and customer-related social stressors were positively related to workaholism and work-family conflict (WFC) (partial mediation). Additionally, workaholism was indirectly related to exhaustion and intentions to change jobs through WFC. Moreover, MSEM analyses confirmed that job resources (job security and opportunities for development) buffered the relationship between job demands and workaholism. Particularly, the interaction effects were statistically significant in five out of eight combinations. Conclusions: These findings suggest that workaholism is a function of a suboptimal work environment and predicts unfavorable employee outcomes. We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.",
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The role of workaholism in the job demands-resources model. / MOLINO, Monica; BAKKER, Arnold B.; GHISLIERI, Chiara.

In: Anxiety, Stress and Coping, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2016, p. 400-414.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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