The significant role of Chinese employees' organizational commitment : implications for managing employees in Chinese societies

Chi Sum WONG, Yui Tim, Edward WONG, Chun HUI, S., Kenneth LAW

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high rate of turnover has been a substantial problem in managing Chinese employees in joint ventures in the People's Republic of China. Organizations operating in the PRC face a dilemma of whether it is worthwhile to invest in better compensation packages and training and development programs if their employees will leave the organizations anyway. This study argues that because traditional Chinese culture values loyalty, guanxi and pao, organizations will benefit in the long run if they cultivate employees' organizational commitment. Data from two samples from the PRC and Hong Kong were analyzed to understand the role of organizational commitment in affecting other attitudinal antecedents (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intention) to turnover. Results indicate that organizational commitment among Chinese employees has a much stronger effect on job satisfaction and turnover intention than results from studies conducted in the West. Our analysis provides strong support for the effect of Chinese traditional values in the modern Chinese work place. Practical implications for organizations operating in China are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-340
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of World Business
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

Fingerprint

Organizational commitment
Employees
Turnover intention
Job turnover
Turnover
China
Job satisfaction
Chinese culture
Joint ventures
Loyalty
Work place
Guanxi
Training and development
Compensation packages
Hong Kong

Cite this

WONG, Chi Sum ; WONG, Yui Tim, Edward ; HUI, Chun ; LAW, S., Kenneth. / The significant role of Chinese employees' organizational commitment : implications for managing employees in Chinese societies. In: Journal of World Business. 2001 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 326-340.
@article{1bcb492817954d6d9a00aafc65994cd5,
title = "The significant role of Chinese employees' organizational commitment : implications for managing employees in Chinese societies",
abstract = "The high rate of turnover has been a substantial problem in managing Chinese employees in joint ventures in the People's Republic of China. Organizations operating in the PRC face a dilemma of whether it is worthwhile to invest in better compensation packages and training and development programs if their employees will leave the organizations anyway. This study argues that because traditional Chinese culture values loyalty, guanxi and pao, organizations will benefit in the long run if they cultivate employees' organizational commitment. Data from two samples from the PRC and Hong Kong were analyzed to understand the role of organizational commitment in affecting other attitudinal antecedents (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intention) to turnover. Results indicate that organizational commitment among Chinese employees has a much stronger effect on job satisfaction and turnover intention than results from studies conducted in the West. Our analysis provides strong support for the effect of Chinese traditional values in the modern Chinese work place. Practical implications for organizations operating in China are discussed.",
author = "WONG, {Chi Sum} and WONG, {Yui Tim, Edward} and Chun HUI and LAW, {S., Kenneth}",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S1090-9516(01)00058-X",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "326--340",
journal = "Journal of World Business",
issn = "1090-9516",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

The significant role of Chinese employees' organizational commitment : implications for managing employees in Chinese societies. / WONG, Chi Sum; WONG, Yui Tim, Edward; HUI, Chun; LAW, S., Kenneth.

In: Journal of World Business, Vol. 36, No. 3, 01.01.2001, p. 326-340.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - The significant role of Chinese employees' organizational commitment : implications for managing employees in Chinese societies

AU - WONG, Chi Sum

AU - WONG, Yui Tim, Edward

AU - HUI, Chun

AU - LAW, S., Kenneth

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - The high rate of turnover has been a substantial problem in managing Chinese employees in joint ventures in the People's Republic of China. Organizations operating in the PRC face a dilemma of whether it is worthwhile to invest in better compensation packages and training and development programs if their employees will leave the organizations anyway. This study argues that because traditional Chinese culture values loyalty, guanxi and pao, organizations will benefit in the long run if they cultivate employees' organizational commitment. Data from two samples from the PRC and Hong Kong were analyzed to understand the role of organizational commitment in affecting other attitudinal antecedents (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intention) to turnover. Results indicate that organizational commitment among Chinese employees has a much stronger effect on job satisfaction and turnover intention than results from studies conducted in the West. Our analysis provides strong support for the effect of Chinese traditional values in the modern Chinese work place. Practical implications for organizations operating in China are discussed.

AB - The high rate of turnover has been a substantial problem in managing Chinese employees in joint ventures in the People's Republic of China. Organizations operating in the PRC face a dilemma of whether it is worthwhile to invest in better compensation packages and training and development programs if their employees will leave the organizations anyway. This study argues that because traditional Chinese culture values loyalty, guanxi and pao, organizations will benefit in the long run if they cultivate employees' organizational commitment. Data from two samples from the PRC and Hong Kong were analyzed to understand the role of organizational commitment in affecting other attitudinal antecedents (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intention) to turnover. Results indicate that organizational commitment among Chinese employees has a much stronger effect on job satisfaction and turnover intention than results from studies conducted in the West. Our analysis provides strong support for the effect of Chinese traditional values in the modern Chinese work place. Practical implications for organizations operating in China are discussed.

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/2433

U2 - 10.1016/S1090-9516(01)00058-X

DO - 10.1016/S1090-9516(01)00058-X

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 36

SP - 326

EP - 340

JO - Journal of World Business

JF - Journal of World Business

SN - 1090-9516

IS - 3

ER -