The social exchange and instrumental perspectives on employees' response to job insecurity

Yui Tim, Edward WONG, Chi Sum WONG, Hang Yue NGO, Hon Kwong LUI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

Job insecurity has become an important topic for western organizations in the past decade due to uncertain economic conditions, global competition and the advancement of information technology. According to the perspective of social exchange theory, job insecurity may have negative impact on organizational citizenship behaviors but this detrimental effect will be buffered by trust in organization. We propose that employees response to job insecurity may also be affected by the consequences of their responses. We label this as the instrumental perspective. In this study, we carefully chose a joint venture and a SOE sample in China to test these two perspectives. In the joint venture sample, we hypothesized that the social exchange perspective would be applicable because increasing organizational citizenship behaviors in response to job insecurity would have little impact on positive consequences. On contrary, employees of the SOE may reduce their chance of being laid-off or able to bargain for better after lay-off arrangements by improving their performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Thus, the instrumental perspective would be more appropriate. Data from 295 and 253 supervisor-subordinate dyads were collected in the joint venture and the SOE, respectively. Results supported our hypotheses. Implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalWeb Journal of Chinese Management Review
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2003

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Social exchange
Employees
Job insecurity
Joint ventures
Organizational citizenship behavior
Social exchange theory
Supervisors
Global competition
China
Economic conditions
Dyads

Cite this

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title = "The social exchange and instrumental perspectives on employees' response to job insecurity",
abstract = "Job insecurity has become an important topic for western organizations in the past decade due to uncertain economic conditions, global competition and the advancement of information technology. According to the perspective of social exchange theory, job insecurity may have negative impact on organizational citizenship behaviors but this detrimental effect will be buffered by trust in organization. We propose that employees response to job insecurity may also be affected by the consequences of their responses. We label this as the instrumental perspective. In this study, we carefully chose a joint venture and a SOE sample in China to test these two perspectives. In the joint venture sample, we hypothesized that the social exchange perspective would be applicable because increasing organizational citizenship behaviors in response to job insecurity would have little impact on positive consequences. On contrary, employees of the SOE may reduce their chance of being laid-off or able to bargain for better after lay-off arrangements by improving their performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Thus, the instrumental perspective would be more appropriate. Data from 295 and 253 supervisor-subordinate dyads were collected in the joint venture and the SOE, respectively. Results supported our hypotheses. Implications are discussed.",
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The social exchange and instrumental perspectives on employees' response to job insecurity. / WONG, Yui Tim, Edward; WONG, Chi Sum; NGO, Hang Yue; LUI, Hon Kwong.

In: Web Journal of Chinese Management Review, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.02.2003, p. 1-17.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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AB - Job insecurity has become an important topic for western organizations in the past decade due to uncertain economic conditions, global competition and the advancement of information technology. According to the perspective of social exchange theory, job insecurity may have negative impact on organizational citizenship behaviors but this detrimental effect will be buffered by trust in organization. We propose that employees response to job insecurity may also be affected by the consequences of their responses. We label this as the instrumental perspective. In this study, we carefully chose a joint venture and a SOE sample in China to test these two perspectives. In the joint venture sample, we hypothesized that the social exchange perspective would be applicable because increasing organizational citizenship behaviors in response to job insecurity would have little impact on positive consequences. On contrary, employees of the SOE may reduce their chance of being laid-off or able to bargain for better after lay-off arrangements by improving their performance and organizational citizenship behaviors. Thus, the instrumental perspective would be more appropriate. Data from 295 and 253 supervisor-subordinate dyads were collected in the joint venture and the SOE, respectively. Results supported our hypotheses. Implications are discussed.

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