The synthesis of graphene nanoribbon and its reinforcing effect on poly (vinyl alcohol)

Songmin SHANG*, Lu GAN, Chun Wah Marcus YUEN, Shou Xiang JIANG, Nicy Mei LUO

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The graphene nanoribbon was prepared from the carbon nanotubes using the chemical approach, and was used for preparing the poly (vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites. It was discovered that the prepared graphene nanoribbon contained a lot of oxygen groups. Due to the presence of these oxygen groups, the nanoribbon could homogeneously disperse in both water and poly (vinly alcohol) matrix. It was also found that there were strong interactions between the graphene nanoribbon and the poly (vinyl alcohol) through hydrogen bonding. The interactions gave rise to the thermal stability of the host polymer. Furthermore, the presence of the nanofiller also resulted in a significant improvement of the mechanical performance of the prepared nanocomposites. The tensile strength and the Young's modulus of the nanocomposite loaded with 2.0 wt% graphene nanoribbon increased by 85.7% and 65.2% respectively. The overall results indicate that the graphene nanoribbon is suitable for preparing high-performance polymer composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume68
Early online date16 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: We gratefully acknowledge the grant (ECS 532712) from the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, and Mr. Lu Gan would like to thank the Research Committee of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University for providing him scholarship.

Keywords

  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • B. Mechanical properties
  • B. Thermal properties
  • Graphene nanoribbon

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