The uneven geography of real estate investment by Mainland Chinese state-owned and private enterprises in the U.S.: Local market conditions, migration, and ethnic networks

Lisha HE*, Mia M BENNETT, Ronghao JIANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Since the 2010s, foreign direct investment in real estate (FDIRE) by Mainland Chinese firms has emerged as a major force within global real estate markets, challenging Western investors’ traditional dominance. It is unclear, however, whether Mainland Chinese FDIRE is fueled by the same motivations as those of investors from advanced economies, which to date have represented both the primary investors and main objects of study. One major difference may be that Mainland Chinese investment originates in an institutional environment comprised of strong state intervention and social networks important for fostering business and ethnic ties. To uncover the potentially unique determinants and heterogeneity of Mainland Chinese corporate real estate investors, we build and analyze a state-level panel dataset of Mainland Chinese FDIRE by state-owned enterprises and private enterprises in the U.S. from 2010 to 2017. Our empirical results reveal the importance of Chinese migrants in promoting Mainland Chinese real estate investment, especially by private enterprises. Our findings also demonstrate that at the state level, Mainland Chinese FDIRE exhibits few agglomerative tendencies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0308518X2110675
Pages (from-to)653-675
Number of pages23
JournalEnvironment and Planning A
Volume54
Issue number4
Early online date10 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for this research was provided by the University of Hong Kong's Seed Fund for Basic Research.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Keywords

  • China
  • real estate investment
  • FDIRE
  • Chinese migrants
  • ethnic networks
  • United States

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