Totalitarianism

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Totalitarianism is a concept rooted in the horror of modern war, revolution, terror, genocide, and, since 1945, the threat of nuclear annihilation. It is also among the most versatile and contested terms in the political lexicon. At its simplest, the idea suggests that despite Fascist/Nazi “particularism” (the centrality of the nation or the master race) and Bolshevist “universalism” (the aspiration toward a classless, international brotherhood of man), both regimes were basically alike—which, as Carl Friedrich noted early on, is not to claim that they were wholly alike. Extreme in its denial of liberty, totalitarianism conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6
PublisherCharles Scribner's Sons
Pages2342-2348
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9780684313832
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Fingerprint

Totalitarianism
Genocide
Particularism
Universalism
Restraint
Ambition
Annihilation
Threat
Brotherhood
Denial
Civics
Liberty
Revolution
Terror
Centrality
Aspiration
Lexicon
Human Nature
Pluralism

Cite this

BAEHR, W. P. (2005). Totalitarianism. In New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6 (pp. 2342-2348). Charles Scribner's Sons.
BAEHR, William Peter. / Totalitarianism. New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6. Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. pp. 2342-2348
@inbook{db135c6a9f444720ad6d4fe4defad190,
title = "Totalitarianism",
abstract = "Totalitarianism is a concept rooted in the horror of modern war, revolution, terror, genocide, and, since 1945, the threat of nuclear annihilation. It is also among the most versatile and contested terms in the political lexicon. At its simplest, the idea suggests that despite Fascist/Nazi “particularism” (the centrality of the nation or the master race) and Bolshevist “universalism” (the aspiration toward a classless, international brotherhood of man), both regimes were basically alike—which, as Carl Friedrich noted early on, is not to claim that they were wholly alike. Extreme in its denial of liberty, totalitarianism conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself.",
author = "BAEHR, {William Peter}",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780684313832",
pages = "2342--2348",
booktitle = "New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6",
publisher = "Charles Scribner's Sons",

}

BAEHR, WP 2005, Totalitarianism. in New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6. Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 2342-2348.

Totalitarianism. / BAEHR, William Peter.

New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6. Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. p. 2342-2348.

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - Totalitarianism

AU - BAEHR, William Peter

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Totalitarianism is a concept rooted in the horror of modern war, revolution, terror, genocide, and, since 1945, the threat of nuclear annihilation. It is also among the most versatile and contested terms in the political lexicon. At its simplest, the idea suggests that despite Fascist/Nazi “particularism” (the centrality of the nation or the master race) and Bolshevist “universalism” (the aspiration toward a classless, international brotherhood of man), both regimes were basically alike—which, as Carl Friedrich noted early on, is not to claim that they were wholly alike. Extreme in its denial of liberty, totalitarianism conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself.

AB - Totalitarianism is a concept rooted in the horror of modern war, revolution, terror, genocide, and, since 1945, the threat of nuclear annihilation. It is also among the most versatile and contested terms in the political lexicon. At its simplest, the idea suggests that despite Fascist/Nazi “particularism” (the centrality of the nation or the master race) and Bolshevist “universalism” (the aspiration toward a classless, international brotherhood of man), both regimes were basically alike—which, as Carl Friedrich noted early on, is not to claim that they were wholly alike. Extreme in its denial of liberty, totalitarianism conveys a regime type with truly radical ambitions. Its chief objectives are to rule unimpeded by legal restraint, civic pluralism, and party competition, and to refashion human nature itself.

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/3930

M3 - Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

SN - 9780684313832

SP - 2342

EP - 2348

BT - New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6

PB - Charles Scribner's Sons

ER -

BAEHR WP. Totalitarianism. In New dictionary of the history of ideas. Vol. 6. Charles Scribner's Sons. 2005. p. 2342-2348