Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies

Gwen GARDINER, Kyle Sauerberger, International Situation Project, David FUNDER, Wai Lan Victoria YEUNG

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Abstract

One of Jüri Allik’s major, pioneering contributions to psychology is the assessment of personality across numerous cultures. His contributions have inspired many other large collaborations of international researchers to move beyond early work confirming the Five Factor Model cross-culturally to assessing the reliability and validity of a broad range of personality traits. Cross-cultural comparisons of personality traits may be problematic if mea sures have unique meanings in diff erent cultural contexts that infl uence how individuals respond to items. In this chapter we present a new and relatively simple method for assessing the comparability of measures in large-scale cross-cultural studies, and illustrate the method using responses to the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2) from 15,368 participants in 63
countries participating in the International Situations Project.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIn praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday
EditorsAnu REALO
Place of PublicationTartu
PublisherUniversity of Estonia Press
Chapter11
Pages123-139
ISBN (Print)9789949779970
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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Cross-cultural studies
Personality traits
Five-factor model
Psychology
Cross-cultural comparison
Pioneering
Big Five
Cultural context

Bibliographical note

The present research was supported by the US National Science Foundation under Grant BCS-1528131. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the individual researchers and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Data gathering in the Czech Republic was supported by grant 17-14387S by the Czech Science Foundation and by institutional research funding RVO: 68081740 from the Institute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences.

Members of the International Situations Project contributed the data used in the analyses reported in this chapter. Their names and affiliations are listed in Appendix 11A.

[Prof. Yeung Wai Lan, Victoria is a member of International Situations Project.]
Prof. Yeung Wai Lan is the member of the International Project.

Cite this

GARDINER, G., Sauerberger, K., International Situation Project, FUNDER, D., & YEUNG, W. L. V. (2019). Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies. In A. REALO (Ed.), In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday (pp. 123-139). Tartu: University of Estonia Press.
GARDINER, Gwen ; Sauerberger, Kyle ; International Situation Project ; FUNDER, David ; YEUNG, Wai Lan Victoria. / Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies. In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday. editor / Anu REALO. Tartu : University of Estonia Press, 2019. pp. 123-139
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GARDINER, G, Sauerberger, K, International Situation Project, FUNDER, D & YEUNG, WLV 2019, Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies. in A REALO (ed.), In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday. University of Estonia Press, Tartu, pp. 123-139.

Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies. / GARDINER, Gwen; Sauerberger, Kyle; International Situation Project; FUNDER, David; YEUNG, Wai Lan Victoria.

In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday. ed. / Anu REALO. Tartu : University of Estonia Press, 2019. p. 123-139.

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

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GARDINER G, Sauerberger K, International Situation Project, FUNDER D, YEUNG WLV. Towards meaningful comparisons of personality in large-scale cross-cultural studies. In REALO A, editor, In praise of an inquisitive mind: A Festschrift in honor of Jüri Allik on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Tartu: University of Estonia Press. 2019. p. 123-139