Towards removing tax-induced distortions to investment location : the choice between international competition and co-ordination in corporate taxation

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

In recent years, reductions in institutional barriers to international investment and in non-tax costs of transferring capital have left the existence of international corporate tax differentials as one of the most significant remaining causes of distortion to the optimum global allocation of resources. In the debate as to how to reduce this distortion, two main schools of thought have emerged. The first contends that market forces, or "tax competition", will spontaneously eliminate international corporate tax differentials. The second believes that these differentials can be eradicated only through international coordination of corporate taxes. The debate is currently most intense in the European Union (EU), where the existence of tax differentials threatens the achievement of the EU's expressed objectives. However, in a fast-integrating world economy, the lessons being learnt from the EU's experience may be valuable in a wider geographical context.
This article considers the comparative merits of these two approaches. Four criteria are employed: the size of the public sector and the efficient provision of public goods; problems in negotiating, obtaining, and implementing international agreement; the inclusiveness of any agreement; and the effectiveness of eliminating economic distortions. The article also considers other factors that may influence the choice of approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-48
Number of pages17
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Taxation
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

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Tax
International competition
Corporate taxation
Corporate tax
Inclusiveness
Resources
European Union
Cost of capital
Negotiating
Economics
International investments
International agreements
Public sector
World economy
Market forces
Schools of thought
Factors
Tax competition

Cite this

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abstract = "In recent years, reductions in institutional barriers to international investment and in non-tax costs of transferring capital have left the existence of international corporate tax differentials as one of the most significant remaining causes of distortion to the optimum global allocation of resources. In the debate as to how to reduce this distortion, two main schools of thought have emerged. The first contends that market forces, or {"}tax competition{"}, will spontaneously eliminate international corporate tax differentials. The second believes that these differentials can be eradicated only through international coordination of corporate taxes. The debate is currently most intense in the European Union (EU), where the existence of tax differentials threatens the achievement of the EU's expressed objectives. However, in a fast-integrating world economy, the lessons being learnt from the EU's experience may be valuable in a wider geographical context. This article considers the comparative merits of these two approaches. Four criteria are employed: the size of the public sector and the efficient provision of public goods; problems in negotiating, obtaining, and implementing international agreement; the inclusiveness of any agreement; and the effectiveness of eliminating economic distortions. The article also considers other factors that may influence the choice of approach.",
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AB - In recent years, reductions in institutional barriers to international investment and in non-tax costs of transferring capital have left the existence of international corporate tax differentials as one of the most significant remaining causes of distortion to the optimum global allocation of resources. In the debate as to how to reduce this distortion, two main schools of thought have emerged. The first contends that market forces, or "tax competition", will spontaneously eliminate international corporate tax differentials. The second believes that these differentials can be eradicated only through international coordination of corporate taxes. The debate is currently most intense in the European Union (EU), where the existence of tax differentials threatens the achievement of the EU's expressed objectives. However, in a fast-integrating world economy, the lessons being learnt from the EU's experience may be valuable in a wider geographical context. This article considers the comparative merits of these two approaches. Four criteria are employed: the size of the public sector and the efficient provision of public goods; problems in negotiating, obtaining, and implementing international agreement; the inclusiveness of any agreement; and the effectiveness of eliminating economic distortions. The article also considers other factors that may influence the choice of approach.

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