Transforming Firm Innovation : International Evidence on Consumption Tax Adoption

Chen LIN*, Lai WEI, Ying XU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


This study examines the effect of consumption tax adoption on firm innovation. Using a cross-country sample from 1990 to 2015, we find that firms decrease their innovation intensity but manage to maintain their innovation quality following the tax adoption. Further analyses reveal that firms primarily decrease low-quality innovation in response to the decrease in consumer demand following the tax adoption. They also exhibit higher originality and explore a broader set of new knowledge during innovation, which helps differentiate their products to compete for customers. However, we find that firms’ ability to transform innovation strategies depends on their pre-existing financial capability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104137
JournalFinance Research Letters
Early online date23 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank Samuel Vigne (the editor) and two anonymous referees for their helpful comments and constructive suggestions. All the remaining errors are our own. Lin would like to acknoledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China [No. 72192841] and from the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China [No. T35/710/20R]. Wei would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Research Grant Council of Hong Kong SAR [No. 13501619]. Xu would like to acknoledge the financial support from Zhejiang Gongshang University Project of the Ministry of Commerce [No. 2021SWB017].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.


  • Consumer demand
  • Consumption tax
  • Corporate innovation
  • Corporate transformation
  • Innovation strategies

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