Translation, colonialism, and the rise of English

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

    Abstract

    The introduction of English has been seen as "an embattled response to historical and political pressures: to tensions between the English parliament and the East India Company, between parliament and the missionaries, between the East India Company and the native elite classes". Extending this argument, the author suggests that the specific resolution of these tensions through the introduction of English education is enabled discursively by the colonial practice of translation. European translations of Indian texts prepared for a western audience provided to the 'educated' Indian a whole range of Orientalist images. Even when the anglicised Indian spoke a language other than English, he would have preferred, because of the symbolic power attached to Englsh, to gain access to his own past through the translations and histories circulated through colonial discourse English education also familiarised the Indian with ways of seeing, techniques of translation, or modes of representation that came to be accepted as 'natural'.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)773-779
    Number of pages7
    JournalEconomic and Political Weekly
    Volume25
    Issue number15
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 1990

    Fingerprint

    colonial age
    parliament
    India
    missionary
    education
    elite
    Colonialism
    discourse
    history
    language
    Education
    Parliament

    Bibliographical note

    This article also published in S. Joshi (Ed.) (1991), Rethinking English: Essays in literature, language, history (pp. 124-145). New Delhi: Trianka.

    Cite this

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    title = "Translation, colonialism, and the rise of English",
    abstract = "The introduction of English has been seen as {"}an embattled response to historical and political pressures: to tensions between the English parliament and the East India Company, between parliament and the missionaries, between the East India Company and the native elite classes{"}. Extending this argument, the author suggests that the specific resolution of these tensions through the introduction of English education is enabled discursively by the colonial practice of translation. European translations of Indian texts prepared for a western audience provided to the 'educated' Indian a whole range of Orientalist images. Even when the anglicised Indian spoke a language other than English, he would have preferred, because of the symbolic power attached to Englsh, to gain access to his own past through the translations and histories circulated through colonial discourse English education also familiarised the Indian with ways of seeing, techniques of translation, or modes of representation that came to be accepted as 'natural'.",
    author = "Tejaswini NIRANJANA",
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    Translation, colonialism, and the rise of English. / NIRANJANA, Tejaswini.

    In: Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 15, 14.04.1990, p. 773-779.

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

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