Trichoderma songyi sp. nov., a new species associated with the pine mushroom (Tricholoma matsutake)

Myung Soo PARK, Seung-Yoon OH, Hae Jin CHO, Jonathan J. FONG, Woo Jae CHEON, Young Woon LIM

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


A new species, Trichoderma songyi , was found to be associated with the pine mushroom ( Tricholoma matsutake ) in Korea. This species was isolated from three different substrates: Tricholoma matsutake basidiomata, as well as roots of Pinus densiflora and soil in the fairy ring. Based on its molecular and phenotypic characteristics, we demonstrate that Trichoderma songyi is unique and distinguishable from closely related species. We performed phylogenetic analyses based on two molecular markers, the genes for both translation elongation factor 1-alpha and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II. Phylogenetic analyses showed that Trichoderma songyi is closely related to Trichoderma koningii aggregate and Trichoderma caerulescens . Morphologically, Trichoderma songyi can be distinguished from these closely related taxa by its growth rates, colony morphology on PDA in darkness, and coconut-like odour. Due to the economic importance of the pine mushroom, the relationship between Trichoderma songyi and Tricholoma matsutake should be studied further.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-603
Number of pages11
JournalAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
Issue number4
Early online date23 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • New species
  • Pine mushroom
  • Trichoderma koningii aggregate
  • Translation elongation factor 1-alpha
  • Second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II


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