Tripartite efficacy beliefs and homeowner participation in multi-owned housing governance

Yung YAU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Homeowners' collective actions are essential for effective governance of multi-owned housing (MOH) and a city's sustainable development. Yet, not all homeowners keenly participate in MOH governance. Unpacking why homeowners decide to participate is thus insightful. So far, little work has been done on how perceived efficacies of property management agents (PMAs) shape collective actions in MOH governance. Founding upon the social cognitive theory and collective interest model, a theoretical model is built to empirically examine how proxy efficacy belief influences participation behaviors of homeowners. Drawing on the findings of a survey of 2035 homeowners in Hong Kong and Macau, this study reveals that participation level correlates positively with self and group efficacy beliefs but negatively with perceived proxy efficacy. Poor performance or incapacity of the PMAs triggers a higher degree of homeowner participation. The research findings have significant policy implications for promoting a better MOH upkeep culture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3338
Number of pages17
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

The work described in this article was fully supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China [Project No. CityU 11410214].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the authors.


  • Efficacy beliefs
  • Housing governance
  • Multi-owned housing
  • Neighborhoods
  • Resident involvement
  • Social theory


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