Unemployment trends and labour market entry in Ghana: job search methods perspective

Emmanuel AFFUM-OSEI, Eric Adom ASANTE, Solomon Kwarteng FORKOUH, Michael ABOAGYE, Collins Opoku ANTWI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Statistical information is critical for both government and the general public for monitoring, evaluation, and implementation of employment policies and programmes. This paper revisits the labour market trends between 2012 and 2016 and discusses the importance of job search methods for labour market entry in Ghana. We explored job search methods (Formal and Informal Methods) used by 235 participants from seven regions of Ghana. Results revealed that many of the participants highly relied on informal job search methods to secure jobs across all demographic variables. This has been the case in Ghana when unemployment continues to increase leading to a difficult labour market entry. Our findings, therefore, suggest that in such a restricted labour market, employment success is likely to be determined by ‘whom you know’. The results offer practical recommendations for private and public employment consultancies, as well as policymakers to institute impactful intervention programmes for job seekers on the efficient ways of developing and sustaining meaningful social capital/networks to enhance their chances of finding employment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-733
Number of pages18
JournalLabor History
Volume60
Issue number6
Early online date11 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Ghana
  • Job search methods
  • employment
  • unemployment

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