This article aimed to compare the social policy responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand using an institutionalist’s perspective. So far, the crisis expanded social protection through temporary schemes, with rare reforms, and opened greater possibilities for future institutionalisation of new policies. We argue that the COVID-19 policy responses must be viewed as an unfinished agenda of expansion-driven policy responses to the 1997–1998 financial crisis. Still, these are different sets of measures from the previous crisis, which have been characterised by minimal systemic changes. The variegated responses of countries reveal hitherto unexplored policy implications for the Southeast Asian region.
|Number of pages
|Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development
|Early online date
|8 Nov 2022
|E-pub ahead of print - 8 Nov 2022
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022 Department of Social Work, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
- Southeast Asia
- Institutional continuity and change
- Social policy
- Policy response