Unpackaging the link between economic inequality and self-construal

Ángel SÁNCHEZ-RODRÍGUEZ*, Ayse k. USKUL, Rosa RODRÍGUEZ-BAILÓN, Guillermo b. WILLIS, Vivian l. VIGNOLES, Kuba KRYS, Mladen ADAMOVIC, Charity S. AKOTIA, Isabelle ALBERT, Lily APPOH, Arno BALTIN, Pablo Eduardo BARRIENTOS, Michael Harris BOND, Patrick DENOUX, Alejandra DOMÍNGUEZ-ESPINOSA, Carla Sofia ESTEVES, Márta FÜLÖP, Vladimer GAMSAKHURDIA, Ragna b. Garðarsdóttir, Alin GAVRELIUCDiana HANKE-BOER, Brian W. HASS, David O. IGBOKWE, İdil IŞIK, Natalia KASCAKOVA, Lucie Klůzová Kračmárová, Agata KOCIMSKA-ZYCH, Aleksandra KOSIARCZYK, Olga KOSTOULA, Nicole KRONBERGER, Anna KWIATKOWSKA, J. Hannah LEE, Xinhui LIU, Magdalena ŁUŻNIAK-PIECHA, Arina MALYONOVA, Fridanna MARICCHIOLO, Arévalo MIRA, Tamara MOHORIĆ, Oriana MOSCA, Elke MURDOCK, Nur fariza MUSTAFFA, Vivian Miu-Chi LUN, Martin NADER, Azar NADI, Ayu OKVITAWANLI, Yvette VAN OSCH, Joonha PARK, Vassilis PAVLOPOULOS, Zoran PAVLOVIĆ, Iva Poláčková Šolcová, Eric raymond IGOU, Vladyslav ROMASHOV, Muhammad RIZWAN, Espen RØYSAMB, Ruta SARGAUTYTE, Beate SCHWARZ, Heyla a. SELIM, Ursula SERDAREVICH, David SIRLOPÚ, Maria STOGIANNI, Stanislava STOYANOVA, Chien-Ru SUN, Julien TEYSSIER, Wijnand A. P. VAN TILBURG, Claudio TORRES, Yukiko UCHIDA, Christin-Melanie VAUCLAIR, Cai XING, John M. ZELENSKI

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Past research has shown that economic inequality shapes individuals’ self-construals. However, it has been unclear which dimensions of self-construal are associated with and affected by economic inequality. A correlational (Study 1: N = 264) and an experimental study (Study 2: N = 532) provided converging evidence linking perceived economic inequality with two forms of independent (vs. interdependent) self-construal: Difference from Others and Self-Reliance. In Study 3 (N = 12,634) societal differences in objective economic inequality across 48 nations predicted feelings of Difference from Others, but not Self-Reliance. Importantly, we found no significant associations of economic inequality with the other six dimensions of self-construal. Our findings help extend previous results linking economic inequality to forms of “social distance.”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-739
Number of pages27
JournalSelf and Identity
Volume22
Issue number5
Early online date15 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The present research was supported by a fellowship from the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture, and Sport (FPU-13/01231), grants from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (PSI2016–78839-P and PID2019.105643GB.I00), by the Polish National Science Centre under Grant 2020/37/B/HS6/03142; the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science under Grants P17806 and 17F17806; the Hungarian OTKA under Grant OTKA-K 135963; the Brazilian National Council for Research—CNPq under Grant PQ301298/2018-1; the Czech Science Foundation under grant 20-08583S; the Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation of Georgia under grant number YS 17–43; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant 71873133; and the Department of Educational Studies, University of Roma Tre under biannual Grant DSF 2017-2018.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Economic inequality
  • multidimensional self-construal
  • independence
  • interdependence

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