Urban village redevelopment in China: Conflict formation and management from a neo-institutional economics perspective

Dinghuan YUAN, Yung YAU*, Haijun BAO

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

Urbanisation is the key to China's modernisation. Extensive urban village redevelopment projects (UVRPs) have recently been implemented in China, with the expectation of generating positive socioeconomic and environmental effects. However, social instability has resulted from conflicts over land and informal settlements. In this study, we investigate the factors influencing conflict levels during the UVRP process. Based on data collected from 439 projects in seven Chinese cities, ordered logit regression reveals that UVRPs with a top-down rather than a bottom-up institutional arrangement are more likely to have violent conflicts. Projects implemented with a bottom-up and villager-funded approach involve lower levels of conflict than those with a bottom-up and private developer-funded approach. Other determinants, including factors related to policies, time, and space along with project specificity, also influence the conflict level during the redevelopment process. These empirical results can inform government approaches to policymaking, thus enabling more positive outcomes for both governments and affected villagers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104710
JournalCities
Volume145
Early online date1 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Sincere thanks are due to the officials who explained to us the basic policies regarding compensation and relocation. Thanks are also extended to those anonymous villagers who cooperated with the authors in the interviews.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • China
  • Conflict levels
  • Institutional arrangement
  • Transaction costs
  • Urban renewal
  • Urban village

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