Use of a portable motion analysis system for knee dynamic stability assessment in anterior cruciate ligament deficiency during single-legged hop landing

Man-Yi YEUNG, Sai-Chuen FU, Eldrich Norwin CHUA, Kam Ming MOK, Patrick Shu Hang YUNG, Kai-Ming CHAN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/objective
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture results in knee instability, and patients are often unable to return to their previous level of activity. Current assessments rely on passive laxity tests, which do not correlate with function. Dynamic stability may be a better indicator for return to sport. However, equipment for measuring dynamic stability is ill suited for clinical use. The purpose of this study is to evaluate knee kinematics in ACL-deficient patients with a single-legged hop task using a portable motion analysis system. We hypothesize that the assessment task is able to differentiate ACL-deficient knees from healthy knees.

Methods
Ten ACL-deficient patients and 10 healthy controls were recruited. Participants were instructed to perform a single-legged hop, while kinematics was measured using a portable motion capture system (Opti-Knee; Shanghai Innomotion Inc., Shanghai, China). Kinematic changes after initial contact were examined. Repeatability of the results was examined by calculating the coefficient of variations of the pooled standard deviation of the tibiofemoral displacements. Side-to-side differences were calculated and compared between the two groups.

Results
One patient could not perform the task. Intraindividual variability was small after initial contact; the coefficient of variation in this region was 13–26%. ACL-deficient knees demonstrated lower flexion range of motion (p = 0.008) and increased internal/external rotation range of motion after landing (p = 0.038), while no significant differences were detected in the healthy group. Only the side-to-side difference in flexion was significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.002).

Conclusion
The altered knee kinematics in ACL-deficient patients can be revealed by a portable motion capture system, which may enable the clinical application of kinematic assessment in the evaluation of ACL deficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-12
Number of pages7
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This research was supported by the Innovation and Technology Support Programme, Hong Kong (Ref. no.: ITS/289/14FX).

Keywords

  • anterior cruciate ligament injury
  • biomechanics
  • kinematics
  • knee function
  • movement task

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