Validating the Concord Index as a measure of family relationships in China

Paul H. LEE, Sunita M. STEWARTS, Vivian Miu-Chi LUN, Michael H. BOND, Xiaonan YU, T. H. LAM

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interest in family functioning across cultures has become more widespread, but our instruments have not kept pace by measuring constructs that are especially relevant outside the West. We present the psychometric properties of the Concord Index (CI) in the family context. The CI examines (qihe), translated most closely into English as concord. The term includes concepts of harmony and mutuality, and is a characteristic of dyadic relationships valued in Chinese cultural groups that form about a fifth of the world's population. The scale was adapted to measure 2 types of family relationships: specific dyadic relationships within the family between any individual family member and another (the A-P perspective), as well as an individual's composite assessment of all his/her family relationships (the A-FAM perspective). The 10-item measure was internally consistent, stable over 2 weeks, and showed factor invariance across gender, age, relationship, and household size for A-P and A-FAM perspectives. The A-P correlated negatively with disagreement with the partner. The A-FAM correlated with measures of family functioning, well-being, leisure time spent with family members, and with measures of emotional but not physical symptoms. Furthermore, the A-FAM measure added predictive power to individual measures of emotional functioning in assessing subjective happiness. The CI adds to other "imported" instruments designed to measure family function in Chinese populations because of its brevity, its adaptability for measuring dyadic and global family relationships across family roles, its easily understood items, and its incremental validity in predicting well-being beyond individually focused measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-915
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Family Relations
China
Happiness
Leisure Activities
Psychometrics
Population

Cite this

LEE, Paul H. ; STEWARTS, Sunita M. ; LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi ; BOND, Michael H. ; YU, Xiaonan ; LAM, T. H. / Validating the Concord Index as a measure of family relationships in China. In: Journal of Family Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 906-915.
@article{2dbd84da00eb4625b382bfcc98a15a35,
title = "Validating the Concord Index as a measure of family relationships in China",
abstract = "Interest in family functioning across cultures has become more widespread, but our instruments have not kept pace by measuring constructs that are especially relevant outside the West. We present the psychometric properties of the Concord Index (CI) in the family context. The CI examines (qihe), translated most closely into English as concord. The term includes concepts of harmony and mutuality, and is a characteristic of dyadic relationships valued in Chinese cultural groups that form about a fifth of the world's population. The scale was adapted to measure 2 types of family relationships: specific dyadic relationships within the family between any individual family member and another (the A-P perspective), as well as an individual's composite assessment of all his/her family relationships (the A-FAM perspective). The 10-item measure was internally consistent, stable over 2 weeks, and showed factor invariance across gender, age, relationship, and household size for A-P and A-FAM perspectives. The A-P correlated negatively with disagreement with the partner. The A-FAM correlated with measures of family functioning, well-being, leisure time spent with family members, and with measures of emotional but not physical symptoms. Furthermore, the A-FAM measure added predictive power to individual measures of emotional functioning in assessing subjective happiness. The CI adds to other {"}imported{"} instruments designed to measure family function in Chinese populations because of its brevity, its adaptability for measuring dyadic and global family relationships across family roles, its easily understood items, and its incremental validity in predicting well-being beyond individually focused measures.",
author = "LEE, {Paul H.} and STEWARTS, {Sunita M.} and LUN, {Vivian Miu-Chi} and BOND, {Michael H.} and Xiaonan YU and LAM, {T. H.}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0029994",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "906--915",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

Validating the Concord Index as a measure of family relationships in China. / LEE, Paul H.; STEWARTS, Sunita M.; LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi; BOND, Michael H.; YU, Xiaonan; LAM, T. H.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 6, 01.12.2012, p. 906-915.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validating the Concord Index as a measure of family relationships in China

AU - LEE, Paul H.

AU - STEWARTS, Sunita M.

AU - LUN, Vivian Miu-Chi

AU - BOND, Michael H.

AU - YU, Xiaonan

AU - LAM, T. H.

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - Interest in family functioning across cultures has become more widespread, but our instruments have not kept pace by measuring constructs that are especially relevant outside the West. We present the psychometric properties of the Concord Index (CI) in the family context. The CI examines (qihe), translated most closely into English as concord. The term includes concepts of harmony and mutuality, and is a characteristic of dyadic relationships valued in Chinese cultural groups that form about a fifth of the world's population. The scale was adapted to measure 2 types of family relationships: specific dyadic relationships within the family between any individual family member and another (the A-P perspective), as well as an individual's composite assessment of all his/her family relationships (the A-FAM perspective). The 10-item measure was internally consistent, stable over 2 weeks, and showed factor invariance across gender, age, relationship, and household size for A-P and A-FAM perspectives. The A-P correlated negatively with disagreement with the partner. The A-FAM correlated with measures of family functioning, well-being, leisure time spent with family members, and with measures of emotional but not physical symptoms. Furthermore, the A-FAM measure added predictive power to individual measures of emotional functioning in assessing subjective happiness. The CI adds to other "imported" instruments designed to measure family function in Chinese populations because of its brevity, its adaptability for measuring dyadic and global family relationships across family roles, its easily understood items, and its incremental validity in predicting well-being beyond individually focused measures.

AB - Interest in family functioning across cultures has become more widespread, but our instruments have not kept pace by measuring constructs that are especially relevant outside the West. We present the psychometric properties of the Concord Index (CI) in the family context. The CI examines (qihe), translated most closely into English as concord. The term includes concepts of harmony and mutuality, and is a characteristic of dyadic relationships valued in Chinese cultural groups that form about a fifth of the world's population. The scale was adapted to measure 2 types of family relationships: specific dyadic relationships within the family between any individual family member and another (the A-P perspective), as well as an individual's composite assessment of all his/her family relationships (the A-FAM perspective). The 10-item measure was internally consistent, stable over 2 weeks, and showed factor invariance across gender, age, relationship, and household size for A-P and A-FAM perspectives. The A-P correlated negatively with disagreement with the partner. The A-FAM correlated with measures of family functioning, well-being, leisure time spent with family members, and with measures of emotional but not physical symptoms. Furthermore, the A-FAM measure added predictive power to individual measures of emotional functioning in assessing subjective happiness. The CI adds to other "imported" instruments designed to measure family function in Chinese populations because of its brevity, its adaptability for measuring dyadic and global family relationships across family roles, its easily understood items, and its incremental validity in predicting well-being beyond individually focused measures.

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/453

U2 - 10.1037/a0029994

DO - 10.1037/a0029994

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 26

SP - 906

EP - 915

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 6

ER -