Values and the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility : the U.S. versus China

William Eugene SHAFER, Kyoko FUKUKAWA, Grace Meina LEE

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the effects of nationality (U.S. vs. China) and personal values on managers' responses to the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) scale. Evidence that China's transition to a socialist market economy has led to widespread business corruption, led us to hypothesize that People's Republic of China (PRC) managers would believe less strongly in the importance of ethical and socially responsible business conduct. We also hypothesized that after controlling for national differences, managers' personal values (more specifically, self-transcendence values) would have a significant impact on PRESOR responses. The hypotheses were tested using a sample of practicing managers enrolled in part-time MBA programs in the two countries. The results indicate that nationality did not have a consistent impact on PRESOR responses. After controlling for national differences, self-transcendence values had a significant positive impact on two of the three PRESOR dimensions. Conservation values such as conformity and tradition also had a significant association with certain dimensions of the PRESOR scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-284
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007

Fingerprint

social responsibility
moral philosophy
China
manager
transcendence
Values
nationality
conformity
market economy
corruption
conservation
Social responsibility
Social Responsibility
Managers
evidence

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural ethics
  • Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) scale
  • Personal values

Cite this

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title = "Values and the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility : the U.S. versus China",
abstract = "This study examines the effects of nationality (U.S. vs. China) and personal values on managers' responses to the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) scale. Evidence that China's transition to a socialist market economy has led to widespread business corruption, led us to hypothesize that People's Republic of China (PRC) managers would believe less strongly in the importance of ethical and socially responsible business conduct. We also hypothesized that after controlling for national differences, managers' personal values (more specifically, self-transcendence values) would have a significant impact on PRESOR responses. The hypotheses were tested using a sample of practicing managers enrolled in part-time MBA programs in the two countries. The results indicate that nationality did not have a consistent impact on PRESOR responses. After controlling for national differences, self-transcendence values had a significant positive impact on two of the three PRESOR dimensions. Conservation values such as conformity and tradition also had a significant association with certain dimensions of the PRESOR scale.",
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Values and the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility : the U.S. versus China. / SHAFER, William Eugene; FUKUKAWA, Kyoko; LEE, Grace Meina.

In: Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 70, No. 3, 01.02.2007, p. 265-284.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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AB - This study examines the effects of nationality (U.S. vs. China) and personal values on managers' responses to the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility (PRESOR) scale. Evidence that China's transition to a socialist market economy has led to widespread business corruption, led us to hypothesize that People's Republic of China (PRC) managers would believe less strongly in the importance of ethical and socially responsible business conduct. We also hypothesized that after controlling for national differences, managers' personal values (more specifically, self-transcendence values) would have a significant impact on PRESOR responses. The hypotheses were tested using a sample of practicing managers enrolled in part-time MBA programs in the two countries. The results indicate that nationality did not have a consistent impact on PRESOR responses. After controlling for national differences, self-transcendence values had a significant positive impact on two of the three PRESOR dimensions. Conservation values such as conformity and tradition also had a significant association with certain dimensions of the PRESOR scale.

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