Visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names: effects of disfluent format, text enhancement, and exposure time

Kaifeng LIU, Calvin K. L. OR, Simon Y. W. LI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

Three computer-based experiments were conducted to examine whether disfluent format, enhanced text, and increased exposure time improve the accuracy of visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names. A three-way, repeated-measures look-alike drug name differentiation test assessed the visual differentiation accuracy of 30 nursing students (Experiment 1) and 15 nurses (Experiment 2). A two-way, repeated-measures recognition memory test examined the recognition memory accuracy of 15 nurses for look-alike drug names (Experiment 3). We found that making drug names disfluent did not significantly improve differentiation (Experiment 2) or memory accuracy (Experiment 3), but even impaired differentiation accuracy (Experiment 1). Enhanced text and longer exposure time significantly improved differentiation accuracy (Experiments 1 and 2). However, the enhanced text did not improve recognition memory (Experiment 3). We suggest that making look-alike drug names disfluent is not favourable. Enhanced text and longer exposure times are effective in supporting visual differentiation of look-alike drug names. Practitioner Summary: Confusion arising from look-alike drug names may compromise patient safety. Three experiments examined the effects of disfluent format, text enhancement and increased exposure time on visual and memory performances. Making drug names more difficult to read did not improve performance. Enhancing text design and increasing exposure (i.e. reading) time improved visual differentiation between medications, but did not improve the recognition of medications from memory. Abbreviations: SEEV: Salience-effort-expectancy-value; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; ANOVA: analysis of variance; SD: standard deviation, DF: disfluent format; TE: text enhancement; ET: exposure time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1300
Number of pages12
JournalErgonomics
Volume62
Issue number10
Early online date9 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Names
drug
Data storage equipment
experiment
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Experiments
Analysis of Variance
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Nurses
medication
Confusion
nurse
Recognition (Psychology)
time
Nursing Students
United States Food and Drug Administration
Patient Safety
Nursing
Reading
analysis of variance

Keywords

  • look-like drug names
  • disfluent format
  • text enhancement
  • exposure time
  • drug safety
  • Look-alike drug names

Cite this

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title = "Visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names: effects of disfluent format, text enhancement, and exposure time",
abstract = "Three computer-based experiments were conducted to examine whether disfluent format, enhanced text, and increased exposure time improve the accuracy of visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names. A three-way, repeated-measures look-alike drug name differentiation test assessed the visual differentiation accuracy of 30 nursing students (Experiment 1) and 15 nurses (Experiment 2). A two-way, repeated-measures recognition memory test examined the recognition memory accuracy of 15 nurses for look-alike drug names (Experiment 3). We found that making drug names disfluent did not significantly improve differentiation (Experiment 2) or memory accuracy (Experiment 3), but even impaired differentiation accuracy (Experiment 1). Enhanced text and longer exposure time significantly improved differentiation accuracy (Experiments 1 and 2). However, the enhanced text did not improve recognition memory (Experiment 3). We suggest that making look-alike drug names disfluent is not favourable. Enhanced text and longer exposure times are effective in supporting visual differentiation of look-alike drug names. Practitioner Summary: Confusion arising from look-alike drug names may compromise patient safety. Three experiments examined the effects of disfluent format, text enhancement and increased exposure time on visual and memory performances. Making drug names more difficult to read did not improve performance. Enhancing text design and increasing exposure (i.e. reading) time improved visual differentiation between medications, but did not improve the recognition of medications from memory. Abbreviations: SEEV: Salience-effort-expectancy-value; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; ANOVA: analysis of variance; SD: standard deviation, DF: disfluent format; TE: text enhancement; ET: exposure time.",
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language = "English",
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Visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names: effects of disfluent format, text enhancement, and exposure time. / LIU, Kaifeng; OR, Calvin K. L.; LI, Simon Y. W.

In: Ergonomics, Vol. 62, No. 10, 10.2019, p. 1289-1300.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names: effects of disfluent format, text enhancement, and exposure time

AU - LIU, Kaifeng

AU - OR, Calvin K. L.

AU - LI, Simon Y. W.

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Three computer-based experiments were conducted to examine whether disfluent format, enhanced text, and increased exposure time improve the accuracy of visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names. A three-way, repeated-measures look-alike drug name differentiation test assessed the visual differentiation accuracy of 30 nursing students (Experiment 1) and 15 nurses (Experiment 2). A two-way, repeated-measures recognition memory test examined the recognition memory accuracy of 15 nurses for look-alike drug names (Experiment 3). We found that making drug names disfluent did not significantly improve differentiation (Experiment 2) or memory accuracy (Experiment 3), but even impaired differentiation accuracy (Experiment 1). Enhanced text and longer exposure time significantly improved differentiation accuracy (Experiments 1 and 2). However, the enhanced text did not improve recognition memory (Experiment 3). We suggest that making look-alike drug names disfluent is not favourable. Enhanced text and longer exposure times are effective in supporting visual differentiation of look-alike drug names. Practitioner Summary: Confusion arising from look-alike drug names may compromise patient safety. Three experiments examined the effects of disfluent format, text enhancement and increased exposure time on visual and memory performances. Making drug names more difficult to read did not improve performance. Enhancing text design and increasing exposure (i.e. reading) time improved visual differentiation between medications, but did not improve the recognition of medications from memory. Abbreviations: SEEV: Salience-effort-expectancy-value; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; ANOVA: analysis of variance; SD: standard deviation, DF: disfluent format; TE: text enhancement; ET: exposure time.

AB - Three computer-based experiments were conducted to examine whether disfluent format, enhanced text, and increased exposure time improve the accuracy of visual differentiation and recognition memory of look-alike drug names. A three-way, repeated-measures look-alike drug name differentiation test assessed the visual differentiation accuracy of 30 nursing students (Experiment 1) and 15 nurses (Experiment 2). A two-way, repeated-measures recognition memory test examined the recognition memory accuracy of 15 nurses for look-alike drug names (Experiment 3). We found that making drug names disfluent did not significantly improve differentiation (Experiment 2) or memory accuracy (Experiment 3), but even impaired differentiation accuracy (Experiment 1). Enhanced text and longer exposure time significantly improved differentiation accuracy (Experiments 1 and 2). However, the enhanced text did not improve recognition memory (Experiment 3). We suggest that making look-alike drug names disfluent is not favourable. Enhanced text and longer exposure times are effective in supporting visual differentiation of look-alike drug names. Practitioner Summary: Confusion arising from look-alike drug names may compromise patient safety. Three experiments examined the effects of disfluent format, text enhancement and increased exposure time on visual and memory performances. Making drug names more difficult to read did not improve performance. Enhancing text design and increasing exposure (i.e. reading) time improved visual differentiation between medications, but did not improve the recognition of medications from memory. Abbreviations: SEEV: Salience-effort-expectancy-value; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; ANOVA: analysis of variance; SD: standard deviation, DF: disfluent format; TE: text enhancement; ET: exposure time.

KW - look-like drug names

KW - disfluent format

KW - text enhancement

KW - exposure time

KW - drug safety

KW - Look-alike drug names

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U2 - 10.1080/00140139.2019.1629637

DO - 10.1080/00140139.2019.1629637

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

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VL - 62

SP - 1289

EP - 1300

JO - Ergonomics

JF - Ergonomics

SN - 0014-0139

IS - 10

ER -