What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Generally regarded as the main trigger for the ‘welfare modelling business’, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism also heralded the so-called ‘dependent variable problem’ within the comparative analysis of the welfare state. This chapter offers an update, revision and extension of my earlier study (Kühner, 2007): first, it presents a review of recent contributions on the ‘dependent variable problem’; second, it argues, based on comprehensive descriptive analyses of state-of-the-art expenditure and social rights based measures covering 21 OECD countries (1980-2013), that summary indicators of welfare state change continue to struggle producing consistent results for several high-income countries and that Esping-Andersen’s regime typology fails to fully account for these welfare state dynamics. This chapter therefore concludes thatthe dependent variable continues to be a problem of theoretical ambiguity and data operationalisation. It also offers that quantitatively-informed research should continue to focus its efforts on developing disaggregated research frameworks.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015
EditorsZoë IRVING, Menno FENGER, John HUDSON
Place of PublicationBristol
PublisherPolicy Press
Chapter10
Pages199-224
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9781447322795
ISBN (Print)9781447322771
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

welfare state
welfare
social rights
operationalization
OECD
capitalist society
typology
expenditures
regime
income

Keywords

  • comparative analysis
  • dependent variable problem
  • social expenditure
  • social rights
  • welfare state change
  • welfare state dynamics

Cite this

KÜHNER, S. (2015). What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited. In Z. IRVING, M. FENGER, & J. HUDSON (Eds.), Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015 (pp. 199-224). Bristol: Policy Press. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010
KÜHNER, Stefan. / What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited. Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015. editor / Zoë IRVING ; Menno FENGER ; John HUDSON. Bristol : Policy Press, 2015. pp. 199-224
@inbook{3835751cd33d4265acbc7fe0a3a1f358,
title = "What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited",
abstract = "Generally regarded as the main trigger for the ‘welfare modelling business’, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism also heralded the so-called ‘dependent variable problem’ within the comparative analysis of the welfare state. This chapter offers an update, revision and extension of my earlier study (K{\"u}hner, 2007): first, it presents a review of recent contributions on the ‘dependent variable problem’; second, it argues, based on comprehensive descriptive analyses of state-of-the-art expenditure and social rights based measures covering 21 OECD countries (1980-2013), that summary indicators of welfare state change continue to struggle producing consistent results for several high-income countries and that Esping-Andersen’s regime typology fails to fully account for these welfare state dynamics. This chapter therefore concludes thatthe dependent variable continues to be a problem of theoretical ambiguity and data operationalisation. It also offers that quantitatively-informed research should continue to focus its efforts on developing disaggregated research frameworks.",
keywords = "comparative analysis, dependent variable problem, social expenditure, social rights, welfare state change, welfare state dynamics",
author = "Stefan K{\"U}HNER",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781447322771",
pages = "199--224",
editor = "Zo{\"e} IRVING and Menno FENGER and John HUDSON",
booktitle = "Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015",
publisher = "Policy Press",
address = "United Kingdom",

}

KÜHNER, S 2015, What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited. in Z IRVING, M FENGER & J HUDSON (eds), Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015. Policy Press, Bristol, pp. 199-224. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010

What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited. / KÜHNER, Stefan.

Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015. ed. / Zoë IRVING; Menno FENGER; John HUDSON. Bristol : Policy Press, 2015. p. 199-224.

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited

AU - KÜHNER, Stefan

PY - 2015/6

Y1 - 2015/6

N2 - Generally regarded as the main trigger for the ‘welfare modelling business’, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism also heralded the so-called ‘dependent variable problem’ within the comparative analysis of the welfare state. This chapter offers an update, revision and extension of my earlier study (Kühner, 2007): first, it presents a review of recent contributions on the ‘dependent variable problem’; second, it argues, based on comprehensive descriptive analyses of state-of-the-art expenditure and social rights based measures covering 21 OECD countries (1980-2013), that summary indicators of welfare state change continue to struggle producing consistent results for several high-income countries and that Esping-Andersen’s regime typology fails to fully account for these welfare state dynamics. This chapter therefore concludes thatthe dependent variable continues to be a problem of theoretical ambiguity and data operationalisation. It also offers that quantitatively-informed research should continue to focus its efforts on developing disaggregated research frameworks.

AB - Generally regarded as the main trigger for the ‘welfare modelling business’, Esping-Andersen’s (1990) Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism also heralded the so-called ‘dependent variable problem’ within the comparative analysis of the welfare state. This chapter offers an update, revision and extension of my earlier study (Kühner, 2007): first, it presents a review of recent contributions on the ‘dependent variable problem’; second, it argues, based on comprehensive descriptive analyses of state-of-the-art expenditure and social rights based measures covering 21 OECD countries (1980-2013), that summary indicators of welfare state change continue to struggle producing consistent results for several high-income countries and that Esping-Andersen’s regime typology fails to fully account for these welfare state dynamics. This chapter therefore concludes thatthe dependent variable continues to be a problem of theoretical ambiguity and data operationalisation. It also offers that quantitatively-informed research should continue to focus its efforts on developing disaggregated research frameworks.

KW - comparative analysis

KW - dependent variable problem

KW - social expenditure

KW - social rights

KW - welfare state change

KW - welfare state dynamics

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/4780

UR - https://www2.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84979153983&partnerID=40&md5=b53812f6833c1f3d31281677ecb4cc2f

U2 - 10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010

DO - 10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010

M3 - Book Chapter

SN - 9781447322771

SP - 199

EP - 224

BT - Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015

A2 - IRVING, Zoë

A2 - FENGER, Menno

A2 - HUDSON, John

PB - Policy Press

CY - Bristol

ER -

KÜHNER S. What if we waited a little longer? The dependent variable problem within the comparative analysis of the welfare state revisited. In IRVING Z, FENGER M, HUDSON J, editors, Social policy review, 27 : Analysis and debate in social policy, 2015. Bristol: Policy Press. 2015. p. 199-224 https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447322771.003.0010