In Hong Kong, the development of social enterprises has been rapid and is becoming increasingly diversified. Among the various types of social enterprise that exist, a work integration social enterprise (WISE) helps relieve different kinds of social problems such as unemployment. The success of a WISE is reliant on sustainable operations and developments led by competent managers. In this study, managers of 19 selected WISEs were interviewed to determine the core management competencies required in WISE operations. Five domains, strategic, business, leadership, interpersonal, and intrapersonal competency, were delineated. These competencies were also interrelated and complementary. The findings provide a valuable reference for related training and further development of WISEs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to the Research Committee of Hong Kong Polytechnic University (under Project Code: G-YBLY), for their financial support in this research.
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- Hong Kong
- human resource management
- social enterprise management
- work integration social enterprise