US and its allies worked closely to deny the USSR’s access to advanced technologies during the Cold War. In addition to multilateral mechanisms such as CoCom, they also took similar unilateral measures despite disputes between them. Yet, compared to the US-Soviet strategic rivalry, US-allies cooperation over technology denials against China is much less coordinated. Allies have not only taken different unilateral policies but also shown major disputes with the US. Allies’ unsynchronized and inconsistent unilateral technology transfer policies and the absence of multilateral institutions similar to the CoCom demonstrate the looseness in current US cooperation with allies in the China context. This study finds that the presence and absence of allies’ security rivalry with China and their threat perceptions shape their motives to work with the US over technology denials against rising powers.
|Date of Award
|10 Aug 2022
|Baohui ZHANG (Supervisor) & Wai Keung TAM (Co-supervisor)