Students' attitudes on online and face-to-face learning during COVID-19 : a qualitative study

  • Yanying LIU

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis (Lingnan)

Abstract

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore Lingnan University students’ attitudes on online and face-to-face learning during COVID-19. In early 2020, the sudden spread of the COVID-19 pandemic continued across the world and the epidemic had a profound impact on the teaching and learning. In order to reduce potential communication risks, universities have adopted the method of online learning to carry out learning task instead of face-to-face learning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

From the perspective of students, this dissertation explores students’ attitudes on online and face-to-face learning during COVID-19 based on the Community of Inquiry Framework. The participants of this study are the fulltime students who studying at Lingnan University from 2020 to 2023. The research question of this dissertation is what are Lingnan University students’ attitudes towards online and face-to-face learning during COVID-19 based on the Community of Inquiry Framework. This dissertation adopts the Community of Inquiry Framework as a theoretical framework to analyze the different attitudes of students in different learning modes of online and face to face learning. Based on the Community of Inquiry theory and the thematic analysis, this study uses the Community of Inquiry Coding Template to analyze the data. Methodologically, this research applies 5 one-on-one in-depth interviews with students and 2 focus groups with 10 students. Through a qualitative analysis, this research finds that the students’ attitudes towards online and face-to-face learning are mainly reflected from five aspects. They are: 1). basic qualities of teachers, 2). instructional design, 3). instructional resources, 4). interaction between teachers and students, and 5). instructional mode. The implications of this research inform educational policies, pedagogy, and teaching and learning practice in higher education in Hong Kong. It also contributes to the improvement of students’ effectiveness of learning. This research asserts that online learning facilitates the advancement of digital education in higher education. At the same time, digital education sets higher benchmarks and expectations for universities and instructors.
Date of Award18 Sept 2023
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Lingnan University
SupervisorYidan Daisy ZHU (Supervisor)

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